Following the confrontation that left a 49-year-old man with serious head injuries, a man has now been arrested.
A 33-year-old Rotherham man was arrested on suspicion of burglary and grievous bodily harm.
The 49-year-old man is still in hospital, where his condition is described as life threatening.
The incident occured at around 3.15am on Sunday, 21 July, when officers believe that a 49-year-old man confronted an unknown male on Skiers View Road in Hoyland.
It is thought that the unknown male may have been attempting to break into the 49-year-old man's car.
Following the confrontation, the 49-year-old man was left with serious head injuries and was transported to the Royal Hallamshire Hospital in Sheffield.
Officers would like to encourage anyone with information about the incident, or anyone who saw any suspicious activity in the area, to contact South Yorkshire Police in 101, quoting incident number 298 of 21 July. Alternatively to report information about a crime anonymously, contact Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111